Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. Your dentist and dental hygienist will evaluate you for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatment.
The Early Stage of Periodontal Disease
Gingivitis is the name for the early stage of periodontal disease. It is characterized by symptoms like chronic bad breath and gum irritation.
If the disease is caught in the early stages of gingivitis, and no damage has been done, one to two regular cleanings will be recommended. You will also be given instructions on improving your daily oral hygiene habits and having regular dental cleanings.
If Gingivitis Is Left Untreated
Periodontal disease progresses as the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and gums gets filled with bacteria, plaque, and tartar, causing irritation to the surrounding tissues. When these irritants remain in the pocket space, they can cause damage to the gums and eventually, the bone that supports the teeth!
Unchecked periodontal disease can lead to early tooth loss and bone recession, which is why we recommend that you make an appointment to treat gingivitis as soon as possible.
The Later Stages of Periodontal Disease
As gingivitis progresses into periodontal disease, the plaque and tartar buildup irritate your gums. This causes swelling, bleeding, and even gum recession. Depending on the severity of your periodontal disease, you may even feel your teeth begin to loosen in their sockets.
If this disease has progressed to more advanced stages, a special periodontal cleaning called scaling and root planing will be recommended. It is usually done one quadrant of the mouth at a time while the area is numb.
In this deep cleaning procedure, tartar, plaque, and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line (scaling) and rough spots on root surfaces are made smooth (planing). This procedure helps gum tissue to heal and pockets to shrink.
Oral medications, antiseptic rinses, and an electric toothbrush may also be recommended to help control infection and healing.
When This Deep Cleaning Is Not Enough
If the pockets do not heal after scaling and root planing, periodontal surgery may be needed to reduce pocket depths, making teeth easier to clean. Your dentist may also recommend that you see a periodontist, which is a dental professional who specializes in the gums and supporting bone structure of the mouth.
Let Us Help You Today
Do not let periodontal disease get the best of you! Schedule an appointment today, so we can halt the progression of this disease and save your oral health!